“How can we control water in a reservoir using valves?”
Water in reservoirs can be difficult to control. If there is too much rain, it can easily overflow. But how can we control this using our engineering mindsets? Well, what if we were to modify the height of the reservoir using a floating drum? And what if we were to place this floating drum in between two mounds, and use a valve to let water in to raise in and another one to lower it? This is the main idea behind Drum Gates and are applied to Floodgates all over the world.
“How can we make gates that work using rotation?”
Floodgates need to be adapted to their local environments. And sometimes, this means we will have to design our gates to move in the most interesting of ways. Ones that use rotation are called Radial Floodgates. This design allows the bearings to be placed outside of water.
“Can a thermodynamic process be so slow that it’s almost static?”
Thermodynamic processes can happen over any period of time. Sometimes they happen so slowly that they almost seem to be static. These Quasistatic Processes are often used in analysis of Iso-Processes due to their stable nature.
Hinged Crest Gates
“How can we make a floodgate that works by rotation?”
Floods happen in all types of environments with different conditions. Therefore, humanity will need to build different types of Floodgates that can adapt to these conditions. One of these types may need to work in colder, urban environments, where trash and ice may easily accumulate. By using a rotating gate, which can quickly dispose of any possible residue. These Hinged Crest Gates have been employed all over the world in frigid environments.
“How can we build a simple model of floodgates?”
Floodgates are used all over the world to prevent overflooding. And sometimes we may need to only make a simple model. This is where Bulkhead Gates come in. Bulkhead Gates are easy to install floodgates that work by simply movable sections that allow for water to pass over or under the structure.
“How can we use infrastructure to control floods?”
With the advent of climate change, floods are becoming quite more common. But thanks to human ingenuity, this can be prevented through the use of floodgates. Fllodgates are a common form of flood control which can protect towns from nearby flooding by creating adjustable gates that limit water elevation.
“How can we make our built infrastructure resilient to unpredictable floods?”
As the climate continues to warm, floods such as those in Houston are becoming more common. To act in accord with climate change adaptation, societies can make implement flood control into their infrastructure. This includes measures such as constructing floodgates or zoning buildings away from flood zones.