Category: Biology

Pathogens

Pathogens

Pathogens

07/18/17

“What do we term the activator of a disease?”
Disease is one of the most important studies in Biology. And diseases are caused when a vector carries the disease with it. However, what exactly do we term the activator that is carried? Well, after much debate, Biologists have settled with the definition of a pathogen to describe such organisms. Viruses, bacteria, protozoa, prions, and fungus are commonly pathogens, as well as other micro-organisms

What can walking can do for you?

What can walking can do for you?

What can walking can do for you?

07/16/17

“So what can walking do for you?”

 

 

  • Do you ever feel a bit gloomy or sad? Well, maybe all you need is a nice brisk walk. Studies have shown that taking time for a nice brisk walk can activate the release of chemicals which work to boost your mood and make you happier. (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)
  • Would you like to feel smarter? According to research by the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, individuals that commit to a regular workout stimulate the growth of nerve development. (Goldstein, Lev 2016)
  • Want to prevent or reduce the risk of developing heart disease? Since walking is an anaerobic exercise, your heart will be strengthened by it. And with a stronger heart, you will be able to better resist the development of heart issues such as heart disease (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)
  • Want to lose weight? Nearly any type of exercise will cause you to lose weight. Through walking, you can burn off those calories that you have been holding in for a long time, allowing for a healthier weight range. (Goldstein, Lev 2016)
  • Do you ever just want to relieve yourself of some stress? Walking is cardiovascular in nature and can commence stress reducing endorphins to develop and takes your mind off the harmful things in life. (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)

 

 

References

 

Goldstein, Lev. “The Benefits of Walking.” Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 29 June 2016. Web. 22 June 2017.

 

Rosenberg, Yael. “Improve Your Mood: Walking Helps Beat the Blues.” Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 21 Apr. 2016. Web. 22 June 2017.

Pseudoscience in health marketing

Pseudoscience in health marketing

Pseudoscience in health marketing

07/15/17

“How can we identify pseudoscience in health marketing?”

 

People become sick from time to time. And when people become sick with an unknown illness, they often become desperate for anything that sounds like a cure. And as such, malignant individuals will try to take advantage of people’s confusion and lack of knowledge. So to save your health, time, and money, here are some warning signs for pseudoscience in health marketing

 

 

  • Claims of being “natural”

 

Many pseudoscientific health products try to justify their existence with the claim of being “natural”. (Senapathy, Kavin 2017) Supposedly, being composed of natural ingredients means that this product is safe and healthy for use and works better than the “artificial” industrial alternatives. However, just because something is natural or comes from a plant does not mean that it has any useful qualities. Uranium and parasitic fungi are natural but don’t offer anything good for us

 

  1. Claims of being based on “ancient knowledge”

Since pseudoscience marketers are often unable to explain their products using modern scientific theories, they will often retort that their material is based on “ancient” or “forgotten” knowledge/wisdom (Ernst, Edzard 2013). However, previous generation’s knowledge of the natural and social world was often flawed (see geocentric universe, flat earth, and racial “science”) and are not a substitute for the fruits of current empirical endeavors.

 

  1. Claims of being “untestable”

Testability of a hypothesis is one of the most important aspects of the scientific method. (Thompson, Bruce 1997) If something can not be tested, then it can not be accepted as a scientific phenomenon and must be avoided until such procedures are possible

 

  1.   Claims of being a wide ranging cure

Since pseudoscience plays on the fears of ordinary people, vendors will often make bold claims about the healing powers of their product. However, such claims are usually unfounded, and if one logically thinks about it, if these items were so useful wouldn’t they be selling like hot cakes? For more info, look up “too good to be true” (Gauch, Hugh G. 2003)

 

  1. Claims of conspiracy

When pressed to explain their lack of widespread success, alternative health marketers will often retort that there is a “conspiracy” to keep them down. These are usually a desperate attempt to rationalize their product’s niche nature, and never based on reality. (Gauch, Hugh G. 2003)

 

References

 

Ernst, Edzard. “Thirteen Follies and Fallacies about Alternative Medicine.” EMBO Reports 14.12 (2013): 1025-026. Web.

 

Gauch, Hugh G. (2003). Scientific Method in Practice. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521017084. LCCN 2002022271.

 

Senapathy, Kavin. “Your Logical Fallacy Is Appeal To Nature: These 5 Natural Toxins In Food Have Caused Real Harm.” Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 30 Apr. 2017. Web. 22 June 2017.

 

Thompson, Bruce. “Appeal to Mystery.” Ad Hominem – Abusive. Palomar College, 08 Nov. 1997. Web. 22 June 2017.

Vectors (epidemiology)

Vectors (epidemiology)

Vectors (Epidemiology)

07/14/17

 

“What organisms carry diseases to others?”
Diseases are everywhere, whether it be in plants, animals, or fungi. However, what is the term for organisms that transmit diseases? Well, after many years of study, Epidemiologists have termed organisms that transmit diseases vectors (Kind of like the mathematical construction found in physical and engineering sciences). Any organisms can be a vector, including humans!

Malaria

Malaria

Malaria

07/12/17

“What is Malaria?”

 

Mosquitos spread all sorts of diseases. However, one of their more infamous ones is known as Malaria. Malaria is characterized by high fevers, chills, and muscle pain. Malaria can be treated with medicines, but are not always effective due to possible bio-resistance by certain strands of the Malaria parasite. Malaria is commonly found in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Parasites

Parasites

Parasites

07/07/17

“Do some organisms require the suffering of another to survive?”

 

One of the most important factors for the survival of organisms is to be able to obtain nutrients. Some obtain it through absorbing sunlight, some through consuming other creatures. And all organisms also need a habitat  (a place to live). But some organisms are quite special in the fact that their living food source and habitat are one in the same. Specifically, they live by stealing nutrients from a hosting animal. These animals are known as parasites and can be found all over the world, from mites on your hairs to tapeworms in a stomach

Ethanol fuel

Ethanol fuel

Ethanol fuel

06/27/17

“Can we use plants to make fuel?”

 

Plants can be found everywhere on this planet, from the sandiest deserts to the densest rainforests. And like animals, all of these plants have one thing in common, stored energy! So logically speaking, couldn’t we convert some of this plant matter into a fuel for our own use? Well, let’s use our scientific mindset to find out.
First, let’s gather up some plants with starches and sugars such as corn grain and place it in a production facility. Then, let’s break it down into its component sugars and convert into a chemical called ethanol. Ethanol is a flammable liquid that can be used to power internal combustion engines. Because of its wide availability in agricultural areas, ethanol fuel is a popular choice in the nation of Brazil and the Great Plains of the United States.