Category: Medicine

Pathogens

Pathogens

Pathogens

07/18/17

“What do we term the activator of a disease?”
Disease is one of the most important studies in Biology. And diseases are caused when a vector carries the disease with it. However, what exactly do we term the activator that is carried? Well, after much debate, Biologists have settled with the definition of a pathogen to describe such organisms. Viruses, bacteria, protozoa, prions, and fungus are commonly pathogens, as well as other micro-organisms

What can walking can do for you?

What can walking can do for you?

What can walking can do for you?

07/16/17

“So what can walking do for you?”

 

 

  • Do you ever feel a bit gloomy or sad? Well, maybe all you need is a nice brisk walk. Studies have shown that taking time for a nice brisk walk can activate the release of chemicals which work to boost your mood and make you happier. (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)
  • Would you like to feel smarter? According to research by the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, individuals that commit to a regular workout stimulate the growth of nerve development. (Goldstein, Lev 2016)
  • Want to prevent or reduce the risk of developing heart disease? Since walking is an anaerobic exercise, your heart will be strengthened by it. And with a stronger heart, you will be able to better resist the development of heart issues such as heart disease (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)
  • Want to lose weight? Nearly any type of exercise will cause you to lose weight. Through walking, you can burn off those calories that you have been holding in for a long time, allowing for a healthier weight range. (Goldstein, Lev 2016)
  • Do you ever just want to relieve yourself of some stress? Walking is cardiovascular in nature and can commence stress reducing endorphins to develop and takes your mind off the harmful things in life. (Rosenberg, Yael 2016)

 

 

References

 

Goldstein, Lev. “The Benefits of Walking.” Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 29 June 2016. Web. 22 June 2017.

 

Rosenberg, Yael. “Improve Your Mood: Walking Helps Beat the Blues.” Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 21 Apr. 2016. Web. 22 June 2017.

Pseudoscience in health marketing

Pseudoscience in health marketing

Pseudoscience in health marketing

07/15/17

“How can we identify pseudoscience in health marketing?”

 

People become sick from time to time. And when people become sick with an unknown illness, they often become desperate for anything that sounds like a cure. And as such, malignant individuals will try to take advantage of people’s confusion and lack of knowledge. So to save your health, time, and money, here are some warning signs for pseudoscience in health marketing

 

 

  • Claims of being “natural”

 

Many pseudoscientific health products try to justify their existence with the claim of being “natural”. (Senapathy, Kavin 2017) Supposedly, being composed of natural ingredients means that this product is safe and healthy for use and works better than the “artificial” industrial alternatives. However, just because something is natural or comes from a plant does not mean that it has any useful qualities. Uranium and parasitic fungi are natural but don’t offer anything good for us

 

  1. Claims of being based on “ancient knowledge”

Since pseudoscience marketers are often unable to explain their products using modern scientific theories, they will often retort that their material is based on “ancient” or “forgotten” knowledge/wisdom (Ernst, Edzard 2013). However, previous generation’s knowledge of the natural and social world was often flawed (see geocentric universe, flat earth, and racial “science”) and are not a substitute for the fruits of current empirical endeavors.

 

  1. Claims of being “untestable”

Testability of a hypothesis is one of the most important aspects of the scientific method. (Thompson, Bruce 1997) If something can not be tested, then it can not be accepted as a scientific phenomenon and must be avoided until such procedures are possible

 

  1.   Claims of being a wide ranging cure

Since pseudoscience plays on the fears of ordinary people, vendors will often make bold claims about the healing powers of their product. However, such claims are usually unfounded, and if one logically thinks about it, if these items were so useful wouldn’t they be selling like hot cakes? For more info, look up “too good to be true” (Gauch, Hugh G. 2003)

 

  1. Claims of conspiracy

When pressed to explain their lack of widespread success, alternative health marketers will often retort that there is a “conspiracy” to keep them down. These are usually a desperate attempt to rationalize their product’s niche nature, and never based on reality. (Gauch, Hugh G. 2003)

 

References

 

Ernst, Edzard. “Thirteen Follies and Fallacies about Alternative Medicine.” EMBO Reports 14.12 (2013): 1025-026. Web.

 

Gauch, Hugh G. (2003). Scientific Method in Practice. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521017084. LCCN 2002022271.

 

Senapathy, Kavin. “Your Logical Fallacy Is Appeal To Nature: These 5 Natural Toxins In Food Have Caused Real Harm.” Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 30 Apr. 2017. Web. 22 June 2017.

 

Thompson, Bruce. “Appeal to Mystery.” Ad Hominem – Abusive. Palomar College, 08 Nov. 1997. Web. 22 June 2017.

Malaria

Malaria

Malaria

07/12/17

“What is Malaria?”

 

Mosquitos spread all sorts of diseases. However, one of their more infamous ones is known as Malaria. Malaria is characterized by high fevers, chills, and muscle pain. Malaria can be treated with medicines, but are not always effective due to possible bio-resistance by certain strands of the Malaria parasite. Malaria is commonly found in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis

Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis

Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis

06/07/17

“What does coal do to the lungs?”

 

Coal dust does not decompose in a human body. And since coal miners have to sustain long-term exposure inhaling such material, it would only be logical that the coal dust would build up and permanently damage the body. Specifically, such individuals would develop something known as Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis, also known as Black Lung for the dark tint that the organs develop. Symptoms of Black Lung include shortness of breath, chronic cough, coughing up black mucus, high blood pressure, and heart problems. Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis is just another reminder that relying on outdated technologies will only destroy humanity and hinder progress.

Microscope optics

Microscope optics

Microscope optics

02/23/17

“How exactly do microscopes work?”
Microscopes are one of the most important inventions that humanity has ever created. With these devices, we can view the microscopic world in unparalleled detail, enabling accurate observations for a myriad of scientific fields. However, have you ever wondered how they worked in the first place? Well, let’s use our engineering mindset to think about it. Before we begin to work on this problem, let’s see if a similar problem has been solved before. If you research hard enough, then you will probably realize that our fundamental problem, taking a small image and magnifying it to a larger one, has been solved by refracting telescopes already. Believe it or not, optical microscopes use the exact same setup as these telescopes! This shows how discoveries in one field of science can be applied to a completely different one as well, and through intercommunication can both field benefit.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

10/13/16

“What happens when bones weaken as they get older?”

 

The human body changes throughout it’s lifetime. And as one approaches an older age, the bone structure in the body begin to weaken. Specifically, the holes in cancellous bones will become exacerbated and largen, causing a loss in bone density. This loss in bone density reduces the strength of human bones. This brittleness could lead to bone fracture in case of an unforseen accident, such as a falling event. Doctors have termed this condition osteoporosis. To prevent the onset of osteoporosis, one should commit to a weight-bearing exercise and a diet full of vitamin-D and calcium